Bioleaching Wikipedia

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Bioleaching is the extraction of metals from their ores through the use of living is much cleaner than the traditional heap leaching using cyanide. Bioleaching is one of several applications within biohydrometallurgy and several methods are used to recover copper, zinc, lead, arsenic, antimony, nickel, molybdenum, gold, silver, and cobalt

Minerals | Free FullText | Consideration of Influential ...

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Iodideoxidizing bacteria (IOB) oxidize iodide into iodine and triiodide which can be utilized for gold dissolution. IOB can be therefore useful for gold leaching. This study examined the impact of incubation conditions such as concentration of the nutrient and iodide, initial bacterial cell number, incubation temperature, and shaking condition on the performance of the gold dissolution ...

Exploitation of Bacterial Activities in Mineral Industry ...

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Lately, bacterial leaching methods gained further impetus with the introduction of biopreoxidation processes for the liberation of precious metals from sulfidebearing minerals [54–56].If gold occurs in a finely disseminated form within the sulfide ore matrix, the economic viability of conventional gold extraction processes by cyanide leaching becomes less than marginal.

Producing Copper Nature's Way: Bioleaching

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In other words, bioleaching is the commercialization of the ability of certain bacteria and archaea, found in nature, to catalyze the oxidation of sulfide minerals. It is the leaching of sulfide minerals that distinguishes bioleaching from conventional acid leaching wherein only oxidized minerals are leached. An associated process is ...

Microbial recovery of metals from solids | FEMS ...

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2 Principles of bacterial metal leaching. Valuable metals have been obtained from ores by leaching for hundreds of years. This process was believed to be a chemical reaction mediated by water and oxygen until 1947, when bacterial catalyzation of iron oxidation and sulfuric acid formation in mine waters was demonstrated .However, the microbial production of sulfuric acid in mine waters had ...

Microbial cyanidation of gold | Request PDF

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Cellfree culture solutions of the most active strains were supplemented with a gold oxidizing agent (sodium peroxide or potassium permanganate) and used to leach gold from two different gold ...

Bacterial Oxidation of Refractory Sulfide Ores for Gold ...

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ABSTRACT: The microbiological leaching of refractory sulfide ores (pyrite, arsenopyrite) for recovery of gold is reviewed in this article. The underlying physiological, biochemical, and genetic fundamentals of the bacteria involved (Thiobacillus and Sulfolobus spp.) are complex and have yet to be elucidated in depth. The chemistry

(PDF) Bacterial Leaching as a Pretreatment Step for Gold ...

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Bacterial Leaching as a Pretreatment Step for Gold Recovery from Refractory Ores Article (PDF Available) in Physicochemical Problems of Mineral Processing 32:173181 · March 1998 with 756 Reads

Bioleaching/bacterial Leaching Research Papers

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The manual contains the basic data on microbiological corrosion of concrete, main groups of biological agents of mineral leaching, and methods for experimental investigations of these bacteria. The manual is designed for educational level of and students.

A Method for Leaching or Dissolving Gold from Ores or ...

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lurgical gold extraction routes utilize a leaching step to produce a goldbearing solution as an intermediate product while the recycling of secondary gold from electronic and precious metal scrap is based on the selective and fast dissolution of the precious metal. Therefore, A Method for Leaching or Dissolving Gold from Ores or Precious

Bacterial Leaching

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Bacterial Leaching Biotechnology in the Mining Industry Preston Devasia and K A Natarajan Bacterial leaching is the extraction of metals from their ores using microorganisms. Microbial technology offers an eco­ nomic alternative for the mining industry, at a time when highgrade mineral resources are being depleted. Why Bacterial Leaching

Bacterial Leaching: Extracting Gold from it's ore? | Yahoo ...

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Apr 14, 2008· Best Answer: The basic idea behind bacterial leaching (also called bioleaching) is to introduce a bacteria to the metal ore that will naturally extract the metal and leave it in solution as waste which can then easily be extracted by other means. The bacteria do this to gain energy (you can think of it …

Microbial Bioremediation | Boundless Microbiology

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Microbial ore leaching (bioleaching) is the process of extracting metals from ores with the use of microorganisms. This method is used to recover many different precious metals like copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, and nickel.

YES TECHNOLOGIES: Cyanidefree biocatalyzed leaching of ...

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These bacteria can use wood alcohol, grain alcohol or vinegar as food, and they are also capable of consuming hydrogen produced by the gold dissolution process. Gold dissolves in the bisulfide solution and is recovered with activated carbon or zinc dust. ... Phase I Final Report CyanideFree Biocatalyzed Leaching of Gold and Silver Ore ...

What is Bioleaching? (with pictures)

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Oct 01, 2019· Bioleaching is the use of bacterial microorganisms to extract precious metals, such as gold, from ore in which it is an alternative to smelting or roasting, miners use bioleaching when there are lower concentrations of metal in ore and they need an efficient, environmentally responsible method to extract it. The bacteria feeds on nutrients in minerals, thereby separating the …

Microbial Leaching (Bioleaching, Biomining ...

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Gold and Silver Leaching Today's microbial leaching of refractory precious metal ores to enhancegold and silver recovery is one of the most promising applications. Gold is obtained through bioleaching of arsenopyrite/pyrite ore and its cyanidation process. Silver is more readily solubilized than gold during microbial leaching of iron sulfide.

Bacterial heap leaching of refractory gold/sulphide ores ...

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Gold recovery in alkaline cyanide heap leaching after bacterial leaching was 74 % (compared with 24 % without bacterial heap leaching), but the acid consumption to achieve this recovery was very high at …

Bioleaching: Introduction, Methods, Application, Copper ...

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Microbial leaching of refractory precious metal ores to enhance recovery of gold and silver is one of the most promising applications. Gold is obtained through bioleaching of arsenopyrite/pyrite ore and its cyanidation process. Silver is more readily solubilized than gold during microbial leaching …

Bacterial Leaching of Metal Sulfides Proceeds by Two ...

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Jul 20, 1998· Bacterial leaching, the biooxidation of metal sulfides to soluble metal sulfates and sulfuric acid, is effected by specialized bacteria. Three species of mesoacidophilic, chemolithotrophic bacteria are mainly involved: Thiobacillus ferrooxidans, Thiobacillus thiooxidans, and Leptospirillum ferrooxidans oxidizes reduced sulfur compounds to sulfate and iron(II) to iron(III) ions.

Bacteria Leaching of Gold Encapsulated in Pyrite

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Bacteria Leaching of Gold Encapsulated in Pyrite. Previous Next. View Larger Image; It is known that many of the gold and silver deposits are often associated with sulfide minerals, specially pyrite. Some of the precious metals in such ores are often found as very finely disseminated particles inside the …

Gold Copper Bioleaching

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Bacterial Leaching of Copper Ores Several types of bacteria capable of living in an acid environment have been isolated from copper mine waters. The foremost of these are of the genus Thiobacillus (T.). Thiobacillus bacteria are acidophilic aerobic chemolithotrophs which grow most rapidly at a pH in the range of 23. T. ferrooxidans derive their energy by oxidizing ferrous iron, elemental ...

8 Microbial Leaching of Metals WileyVCH

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and reused in a next leaching stage. 4 Principles of Microbial Metal Leaching Leaching Mechanisms Mineralytic effects of bacteria and fungi on minerals are based mainly on three principles, namely acidolysis, complexolysis, and are able to mobilize metals by (1) the formation of organic or inorgan

Bioleaching: metal solubilization by microorganisms ...

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In principle metals can be released from sulfide minerals by direct and indirect bacterial leaching . Direct bacterial leaching. In direct bacterial leaching, there is physical contact between the bacterial cell and the mineral sulfide surface, and the oxidation to …

Bacterial Leach | Mining | SGS

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In bacterial leaching, certain strains of bacteria are used to liberate gold or base metals from their mineralogical host. They metabolize energy from the oxidation of ferrous iron and/or sulfur compounds and free gold or metals in the process. This can take place …

Bioleaching of Gold Ore Essay Example | Graduateway

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Bioleaching of gold can be performed using a number of different techniques and various microbes depending on the factors of the operation in question. These bacteria need to be cultivated and adapted to achieve maximal results. The liberation of the metal by use of bacteria involves a complex chemistry.

Bacterial leaching of ores and other materials

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Bacterial leaching of ores and other materials. R. Näveke, Institut für Mikrobiologie, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Fed. Rep. Germany : Summary . In nature sulfidic ores are decayed by weathering under the influence of oxygen and water.

Biomining Wikipedia

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The bacteria can clean the environment by absorbing these toxic compounds to create energy in the cell. Microbes can achieve things at a chemical level that could never be done by humans. Bacteria can mine for metals, clean oil spills, purify gold, and use radioactive elements for energy.

Bacterial Leaching

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Bacterial leaching is an established method of treating refractory gold and base metal ores or concentrates. SGS Minerals Services has undertaken testing for numerous projects for flowsheet development and optimization including bench scale and pilot plant testing, and

Bioleaching SlideShare

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Apr 30, 2015· Microbial leaching of refractory process metal ores to enhance gold and silver recovery is one of the promising applications Gold is obtained through bioleaching of arsenopyrite/pyrite Silver is also obtained by bioleaching of arsenopyrite but it is more readily solubilized than gold during microbial leaching of iron sulphide. 19.

Bioleaching of ArsenicRich Gold Concentrates by Bacterial ...

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In order to improve the bioleaching efficiency of arsenicrich gold concentrates, a mixed bacterial flora had been developed, and the mutation breeding method was adopted to conduct the research. The original mixed bacterial flora had been enrichedin acid mine drainage of Dexing copper mine, Jiangxi Province, China. It was induced by UV (ultraviolet), ultrasonic, and microwave, and their ...

Microbial Leaching of Uranium Ore InTech Open

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Microbial Leaching of Uranium Ore Hadi Hamidian Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr Branch Iran 1. Introduction This chapter is a review of the microbiological leaching of uranium ores. Microbiological leaching has been use as an alternative approach to conventional hydrometallurgical methods of uranium's extraction.

Bioleaching of gold, copper and nickel from waste cellular ...

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Jul 01, 2015· In an effort to develop alternate techniques to recover metals from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), this research evaluated the bioleaching efficiency of gold (Au), copper (Cu) and nickel (Ni) by two strains of Aspergillus niger in the presence of goldplated finger integrated circuits found in computer motherboards (GFICMs) and cellular phone printed circuit boards (PCBs).

Extraction of metals from electronic waste by bacterial ...

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traditional methods of electronic scrap processing (pyro and hydrometallurgical methods), also microorganisms have recently been applied to recover metals from electronic waste. Experimental work was conducted with bacterial leaching for the extraction of copper, zinc, lead, nickel, tin, aluminum from electronic waste.

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